質問

Basic Russian greetings

Nate Hill Nate Hill (2) 2013/10/23に投稿

Can you help me out with some Russian greetings, please?

What is the most standard way to greet someone, and what are other ways you might greet people who you don't know well, and those who you do know?

回答

1

Like in English, in Russian, there are formal and information greetings. I'll write how to pronounce them, not how they are written in Russian, and will use capital letters to show stressed syllables.

One of the most common informal greetings is 'preevYEt'. It's 'Hi' in Russian.

'Hello' has two versions in Russian: 'zdrAstvuy' and 'zdrAstvuyte'.

'ZdrAsvuy' and 'zdrAstvuyte' are more formal then 'preevYEt'. But 'zdrAsvuyte' is more formal then 'zdrAstvuy'. You use 'zdrAstvuyte' to greet older people and those you don't know. If there are a group of people you don't know and who are older then you are, you always say 'zdrAstvuyte'. If you see a group of young people, you can choose between 'preevYEt' or 'zdrAstvuyte'. We usually prefer 'zdrAstvuyte' for those young people we don't know and 'preevYET' for those we know :).

You can also say 'DObrae Utra' ('Good morning'), 'DObriy Den' ('Good afternoon') or 'DObriy VEcher' ('Good evening').

In the phrase 'DObriy Den' the last 'n' is soft like the Spanish 'ñ'.

I'll record slow and quick versions.

音声

コメント

Nate Hill Nate Hill (2) 2013/10/23に投稿

Your recordings were really helpful. I was having a hard time saying these, but feel like I have a good way to practice now!

Alice Val Alice Val (2) 2013/10/24に投稿

Nate, if you need any further explanation, I'll be glad to help you more :).

 2018/01/08に投稿

you can find commonly used greetings watching this video


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JygxkF3ipRk

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