Basic Russian greetings
Can you help me out with some Russian greetings, please?
What is the most standard way to greet someone, and what are other ways you might greet people who you don't know well, and those who you do know?
Like in English, in Russian, there are formal and information greetings. I'll write how to pronounce them, not how they are written in Russian, and will use capital letters to show stressed syllables.
One of the most common informal greetings is 'preevYEt'. It's 'Hi' in Russian.
'Hello' has two versions in Russian: 'zdrAstvuy' and 'zdrAstvuyte'.
'ZdrAsvuy' and 'zdrAstvuyte' are more formal then 'preevYEt'. But 'zdrAsvuyte' is more formal then 'zdrAstvuy'. You use 'zdrAstvuyte' to greet older people and those you don't know. If there are a group of people you don't know and who are older then you are, you always say 'zdrAstvuyte'. If you see a group of young people, you can choose between 'preevYEt' or 'zdrAstvuyte'. We usually prefer 'zdrAstvuyte' for those young people we don't know and 'preevYET' for those we know :).
You can also say 'DObrae Utra' ('Good morning'), 'DObriy Den' ('Good afternoon') or 'DObriy VEcher' ('Good evening').
In the phrase 'DObriy Den' the last 'n' is soft like the Spanish 'ñ'.
I'll record slow and quick versions.